Next Article in Journal
Effect of Seven Newly Synthesized and Currently Available Oxime Cholinesterase Reactivators on Cyclosarin-Intoxicated Rats
Next Article in Special Issue
RNA Relics and Origin of Life
Previous Article in Journal
Hedgehog Signaling Regulates the Survival of Gastric Cancer Cells by Regulating the Expression of Bcl-2
Previous Article in Special Issue
Organic Analysis of Peridotite Rocks from the Ashadze and Logatchev Hydrothermal Sites
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10(7), 3044-3064; doi:10.3390/ijms10073044

Chirality Emergence in Thin Solid Films of Amino Acids by Polarized Light from Synchrotron Radiation and Free Electron Laser

1
NTT Microsystem Integration Laboratories / 3-1, Morinosato-Wakamiya, Atsugi, 243-0198 Japan
2
Yokohama National University / 79-5, Tokiwadai, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama, 240-8501 Japan
3
Fukuoka Institute of Technology / 3-30-1, Wajiro-Higashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 811-0295 Japan
4
UVSOR / 38, Nishigou-Naka, Myodaiji, Okazaki, 444-8585 Japan
5
Nagoya University / Furou-cho, Chigusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8601 Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 May 2009 / Revised: 30 June 2009 / Accepted: 30 June 2009 / Published: 7 July 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Origin of Life)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [933 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |  

Abstract

One of the most attractive hypothesis for the origin of homochirality in terrestrial bioorganic compounds is that a kind of “chiral impulse” as an asymmetric excitation source induced asymmetric reactions on the surfaces of such materials such as meteorites or interstellar dusts prior to the existence of terrestrial life (Cosmic Scenario). To experimentally introduce chiral structure into racemic films of amino acids (alanine, phenylalanine, isovaline, etc.), we irradiated them with linearly polarized light (LPL) from synchrotron radiation and circularly polarized light (CPL) from a free electron laser. After the irradiation, we evaluated optical anisotropy by measuring the circular dichroism (CD) spectra and verified that new Cotton peaks appeared at almost the same peak position as those of the corresponding non-racemic amino acid films. With LPL irradiation, two-dimensional anisotropic structure expressed as linear dichroism and/or linear birefringence was introduced into the racemic films. With CPL irradiation, the signs of the Cotton peaks exhibit symmetrical structure corresponding to the direction of CPL rotation. This indicates that some kinds of chiral structure were introduced into the racemic film. The CD spectra after CPL irradiation suggest the chiral structure should be derived from not only preferential photolysis but also from photolysis-induced molecular structural change. These results suggest that circularly polarized light sources in space could be associated with the origin of terrestrial homochirality; that is, they would be effective asymmetric exciting sources introducing chiral structures into bio-organic molecules or complex organic compounds.
Keywords: chirality; circularly polarized light; amino acids; solid films; synchrotron radiation; free electron laser; origin of terrestrial homochirality chirality; circularly polarized light; amino acids; solid films; synchrotron radiation; free electron laser; origin of terrestrial homochirality
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Takahashi, J.-I.; Shinojima, H.; Seyama, M.; Ueno, Y.; Kaneko, T.; Kobayashi, K.; Mita, H.; Adachi, M.; Hosaka, M.; Katoh, M. Chirality Emergence in Thin Solid Films of Amino Acids by Polarized Light from Synchrotron Radiation and Free Electron Laser. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 3044-3064.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top