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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10(5), 1942-1949; doi:10.3390/ijms10051942
Article

Glycosylation of Fluorophenols by Plant Cell Cultures

1,* , 1, 2, 2 and 1,*
1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, 1-1 Hasama-machi, Oita 879-5593, Japan 2 Department of Life Science, Okayama University of Science, 1-1 Ridai-cho, Okayama 700-0005, Japan
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 February 2009 / Revised: 10 April 2009 / Accepted: 24 April 2009 / Published: 27 April 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradability of Materials)
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Abstract

Fluoroaromatic compounds are used as agrochemicals and released into environment as pollutants. Glycosylation of 2-, 3-, and 4-fluorophenols using plant cell cultures of Nicotiana tabacum was investigated to elucidate their potential to metabolize these compounds. Cultured N. tabacum cells converted 2-fluorophenol into its β-glucoside (60%) and β-gentiobioside (10%). 4-Fluorophenol was also glycosylated to its β-glucoside (32%) and β-gentiobioside (6%) by N. tabacum cells. On the other hand, N. tabacum glycosylated 3-fluorophenol to β-glucoside (17%).
Keywords: Fluorophenol; Glycosylation; Nicotiana Tabacum; Plant Cell Cultures Fluorophenol; Glycosylation; Nicotiana Tabacum; Plant Cell Cultures
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shimoda, K.; Kubota, N.; Kondo, Y.; Sato, D.; Hamada, H. Glycosylation of Fluorophenols by Plant Cell Cultures. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 1942-1949.

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