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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10(3), 1000-1012; doi:10.3390/ijms10031000
Review

Neuropathology and Therapeutic Intervention in Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy

1
, 1, 2,* , 1
, 1
 and 1,*
Received: 26 January 2009; in revised form: 6 March 2009 / Accepted: 9 March 2009 / Published: 10 March 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Molecular Neuropathology)
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Abstract: Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is a hereditary motor neuron disease caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract in the androgen receptor (AR). The histopathological finding in SBMA is loss of lower motor neurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord as well as in the brainstem motor nuclei. Animal studies have revealed that the pathogenesis of SBMA depends on the level of serum testosterone, and that androgen deprivation mitigates neurodegeneration through inhibition of nuclear accumulation of the pathogenic AR. Heat shock proteins, ubiquitin-proteasome system and transcriptional regulation are also potential targets of therapy development for SBMA.
Keywords: spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA); polyglutamine; androgen receptor (AR); leuprorelin acetate spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA); polyglutamine; androgen receptor (AR); leuprorelin acetate
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Banno, H.; Katsuno, M.; Suzuki, K.; Tanaka, F.; Sobue, G. Neuropathology and Therapeutic Intervention in Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 1000-1012.

AMA Style

Banno H, Katsuno M, Suzuki K, Tanaka F, Sobue G. Neuropathology and Therapeutic Intervention in Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2009; 10(3):1000-1012.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Banno, Haruhiko; Katsuno, Masahisa; Suzuki, Keisuke; Tanaka, Fumiaki; Sobue, Gen. 2009. "Neuropathology and Therapeutic Intervention in Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 10, no. 3: 1000-1012.



Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert