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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10(11), 4772-4788; doi:10.3390/ijms10114772

Synthesis, Characterization and Texture Observations of Calamitic Liquid Crystalline Compounds

1
Department of Chemistry; University of Central Florida, P.O. Box 162366, Orlando, FL 32816- 2366, USA
2
CREOL, The College of Optics and Photonics, University of Central Florida, P.O. Box 162366, Orlando, FL 32816-2366, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 September 2009 / Revised: 1 October 2009 / Accepted: 19 October 2009 / Published: 4 November 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Crystals)
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Abstract

Several divinylic mesogenic monomers were synthesized based on coupling the monomer 4-(4-pentenyloxy)benzoic acid with chlorohydroquinone, 2,5-dihydroxyacetophenone, methylhydroquinone or 2-methoxyhydroquinone. This resulted in novel mesogens of phenylene esters with different lateral substituent groups. The effect of the lateral substituent group on the thermotropic phase behavior for these liquid crystalline compounds was investigated using DSC and optical polarized microscopy. All the mesogens proved to have a wide nematic liquid crystalline range. Only the phenylene ester, which has a methoxy lateral substituent, exhibited both nematic and smectic phases. Structural confirmation of all new derivatives was accomplished by 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopic analysis, along with CH elemental analysis.
Keywords: liquid crystalline texture; nematic phase; smectic phase liquid crystalline texture; nematic phase; smectic phase
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MDPI and ACS Style

Qaddoura, M.A.; Belfield, K.D. Synthesis, Characterization and Texture Observations of Calamitic Liquid Crystalline Compounds. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 4772-4788.

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