Silicon Dioxide Nanoparticles Enhance Endotoxin-Induced Lung Injury in Mice
AbstractSilicon dioxide nanoparticles (SiONPs), which are metal oxide nanoparticles, have been used in a wide variety of applications. In this study, acute pulmonary responses were examined after the intranasal instillation of SiONPs in mice primed with or without lipopolysaccharide (LPS, intranasal, 5 µg/mouse). The exposure to SiONPs increased the inflammatory cell counts and proinflammatory cytokines in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. SiONPs induced airway inflammation with increases in the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). The ratios of the inflammatory responses induced by the SiONPs were increased in the acute pulmonary disease model primed by LPS. Taken together, SiONPs exhibited toxicity to the respiratory system, which was associated with MAPK phosphorylation. In addition, the exposure to SiONPs exacerbated any existing inflammatory pulmonary diseases. These data showed the additive, as well as synergistic, interaction effects of SiONPs and LPS. We conclude that the exposure to SiONPs causes potential toxicity in humans, especially those with respiratory diseases. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ko, J.-W.; Lee, H.-J.; Shin, N.-R.; Seo, Y.-S.; Kim, S.-H.; Shin, I.-S.; Kim, J.-S. Silicon Dioxide Nanoparticles Enhance Endotoxin-Induced Lung Injury in Mice. Molecules 2018, 23, 2247.
Ko J-W, Lee H-J, Shin N-R, Seo Y-S, Kim S-H, Shin I-S, Kim J-S. Silicon Dioxide Nanoparticles Enhance Endotoxin-Induced Lung Injury in Mice. Molecules. 2018; 23(9):2247.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ko, Je-Won; Lee, Hae-Jun; Shin, Na-Rae; Seo, Yun-Soo; Kim, Sung-Ho; Shin, In-Sik; Kim, Joong-Sun. 2018. "Silicon Dioxide Nanoparticles Enhance Endotoxin-Induced Lung Injury in Mice." Molecules 23, no. 9: 2247.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.