Next Article in Journal
Piplartine Analogues and Cytotoxic Evaluation against Glioblastoma
Previous Article in Journal
Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Fargesin on Chemically Induced Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Mice
Previous Article in Special Issue
Subcritical Water-Carbon Dioxide Pretreatment of Oil Palm Mesocarp Fiber for Xylooligosaccharide and Glucose Production
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Molecules 2018, 23(6), 1381; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23061381

Pre-treatment of Oil Palm Biomass for Fermentable Sugars Production

1
Department of Bioprocess Technology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Laboratory of Biopolymer and Derivatives, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 April 2018 / Revised: 31 May 2018 / Accepted: 31 May 2018 / Published: 7 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Efficient Technology for the Pretreatment of Biomass)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1014 KB, uploaded 7 June 2018]   |  

Abstract

Malaysia is the second largest palm oil producer in the world and this industry generates more than 80 million tonnes of biomass every year. When considering the potential of this biomass to be used as a fermentation feedstock, many studies have been conducted to develop a complete process for sugar production. One of the essential processes is the pre-treatment to modify the lignocellulosic components by altering the structural arrangement and/or removing lignin component to expose the internal structure of cellulose and hemicellulose for cellulases to digest it into sugars. Each of the pre-treatment processes that were developed has their own advantages and disadvantages, which are reviewed in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: lignocellulosic biomass; fermentation; pre-treatment; palm oil process flow lignocellulosic biomass; fermentation; pre-treatment; palm oil process flow
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Rizal, N.F.A.A.; Ibrahim, M.F.; Zakaria, M.R.; Abd-Aziz, S.; Yee, P.L.; Hassan, M.A. Pre-treatment of Oil Palm Biomass for Fermentable Sugars Production. Molecules 2018, 23, 1381.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top