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Molecules 2018, 23(4), 928; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23040928

Theoretical Study of the β-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complex Formation of Eugenol in Water

Department of Physics, University of La Laguna, 38202 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Received: 13 March 2018 / Revised: 6 April 2018 / Accepted: 13 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Theoretical Chemistry)
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Abstract

The interaction between eugenol and β-cyclodextrin in the presence of water is studied by molecular mechanics and dynamics simulations. A force field model is used in molecular mechanics to determine the interaction energy and the complex configuration at the absolute minimum. The van der Waals term is the main contribution to the total energy, and so directly determines the configuration of the inclusion complex. The formation of inclusion complexes is simulated by molecular dynamics, in which their configurations are deduced from the position probability density that represents the preferred location and orientation of the guest in the simulation. When eugenol approaches from the rims of β-cyclodextrin, it tends to enter the cavity, remain inside for a short period and then exit from it. The guest tends to include the phenyl ring inside the cavity in the most probable configurations. Two inclusion complex configurations are proposed, each with the hydroxyl and methoxyl groups pointing towards one different rim of β-cyclodextrin. The initial guest orientation is the main factor determining these configurations. The model presented in this study reproduces the experimental findings on inclusion complex formation and proposes two possible complex configurations, one previously suggested by different authors. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyclodextrins; eugenol; interaction energy; molecular mechanics; molecular dynamics; inclusion complex cyclodextrins; eugenol; interaction energy; molecular mechanics; molecular dynamics; inclusion complex
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Alvira, E. Theoretical Study of the β-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complex Formation of Eugenol in Water. Molecules 2018, 23, 928.

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