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Molecules 2017, 22(11), 1818; doi:10.3390/molecules22111818

How Signaling Molecules Regulate Tumor Microenvironment: Parallels to Wound Repair

1
Department for Biomedical Research, East-Slovak Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Inc., 040 11 Košice, Slovakia
2
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, 040 11 Košice, Slovakia
3
Department of Pharmacognosy and Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Comenius University, 832 32 Bratislava, Slovakia
4
Institute of Anatomy, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, 128 00 Prague, Czech Republic
5
Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and University Hospital Motol, 150 06 Prague, Czech Republic
6
BIOCEV, 252 50 Vestec, Czech Republic
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 September 2017 / Accepted: 20 October 2017 / Published: 26 October 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1771 KB, uploaded 27 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

It is now suggested that the inhibition of biological programs that are associated with the tumor microenvironment may be critical to the diagnostics, prevention and treatment of cancer. On the other hand, a suitable wound microenvironment would accelerate tissue repair and prevent extensive scar formation. In the present review paper, we define key signaling molecules (growth factors, cytokines, chemokines, and galectins) involved in the formation of the tumor microenvironment that decrease overall survival and increase drug resistance in cancer suffering patients. Additional attention will also be given to show whether targeted modulation of these regulators promote tissue regeneration and wound management. Whole-genome transcriptome profiling, in vitro and animal experiments revealed that interleukin 6, interleukin 8, chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1, galectin-1, and selected proteins of the extracellular matrix (e.g., fibronectin) do have similar regulation during wound healing and tumor growth. Published data demonstrate remarkable similarities between the tumor and wound microenvironments. Therefore, tailor made manipulation of cancer stroma can have important therapeutic consequences. Moreover, better understanding of cancer cell-stroma interaction can help to improve wound healing by supporting granulation tissue formation and process of reepithelization of extensive and chronic wounds as well as prevention of hypertrophic scars and formation of keloids. View Full-Text
Keywords: tissue repair; cancer; stem cell; galectin; cytokine tissue repair; cancer; stem cell; galectin; cytokine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gál, P.; Varinská, L.; Fáber, L.; Novák, Š.; Szabo, P.; Mitrengová, P.; Mirossay, A.; Mučaji, P.; Smetana, K. How Signaling Molecules Regulate Tumor Microenvironment: Parallels to Wound Repair. Molecules 2017, 22, 1818.

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