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Molecules 2016, 21(8), 1098; doi:10.3390/molecules21081098

Effect of the Production of Dried Fruits and Juice from Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa L.) on the Content and Antioxidative Activity of Bioactive Compounds

Department of Fruit and Vegetable Processing, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, 37, Chełmońskiego Street, Wroclaw 51-630, Poland
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Academic Editor: Maurizio Battino
Received: 1 July 2016 / Revised: 14 August 2016 / Accepted: 16 August 2016 / Published: 22 August 2016
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the production of dried fruits and juices from chokeberry as potential sources of bioactive compounds with beneficial effects on human health. Dry powders and juices from chokeberry were analyzed for the contents of sugars with high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with an evaporative light scattering detector (HPLC-ELSD method), and the antioxidant capacity was analyzed by the FRAP (ferric-reducing ability of plasma) and ABTS (2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid)) tests. Polyphenols were identified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with a tandem mass spectrometer and a photodiode-array detector (LC-PDA-ESI-MS/MS), and their quantitative analysis was carried out by UPLC-MS/MS (using a Q/TOF detector and a PDA detector). A total of 27 polyphenolic compounds was identified in chokeberry products, including 7 anthocyanins, 11 flavonols, 5 phenolic acids, 3 flavan-3-ols and 1 flavanone. Three anthocyanin derivatives were reported for the first time from chokeberry fruit. A higher activity of the bioactive compounds was determined in dried fruit pomace and in juice obtained from crushed fruits than in those from the whole fruits. In addition, the pomace was found to be a better material for the production of dry powders, compared to chokeberry fruits. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aronia melanocarpa; powders; juices; polyphenol compounds; antioxidative activity Aronia melanocarpa; powders; juices; polyphenol compounds; antioxidative activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oszmiański, J.; Lachowicz, S. Effect of the Production of Dried Fruits and Juice from Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa L.) on the Content and Antioxidative Activity of Bioactive Compounds. Molecules 2016, 21, 1098.

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