Purification, Characterization and Biological Activity of Polysaccharides from Dendrobium officinale
AbstractPolysaccharide (DOPA) from the stem of D. officinale, as well as two fractions (DOPA-1 and DOPA-2) of it, were isolated and purified by DEAE cellulose-52 and Sephacryl S-300 chromatography, and their structural characteristics and bioactivities were investigated. The average molecular weights of DOPA-1 and DOPA-2 were 394 kDa and 362 kDa, respectively. They were mainly composed of d-mannose, d-glucose, and had a backbone consisting of 1,4-linked β-d-Manp and 1,4-linked β-d-Glcp with O-acetyl groups. Bioactivity studies indicated that both DOPA and its purified fractions (DOPA-1 and DOPA-2) could activate splenocytes and macrophages. The D. officinale polysaccharides had stimulatory effects on splenocytes, T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes, promoting the cell viability and NO production of RAW 264.7 macrophages. Furthermore, DOPA, DOPA-1 and DOPA-2 were found to protect RAW 264.7 macrophages against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative injury by promoting cell viability, suppressing apoptosis and ameliorating oxidative lesions. These results suggested that D. officinale polysaccharides possessed antioxidant activity and mild immunostimulatory activity. View Full-Text
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Huang, K.; Li, Y.; Tao, S.; Wei, G.; Huang, Y.; Chen, D.; Wu, C. Purification, Characterization and Biological Activity of Polysaccharides from Dendrobium officinale. Molecules 2016, 21, 701.
Huang K, Li Y, Tao S, Wei G, Huang Y, Chen D, Wu C. Purification, Characterization and Biological Activity of Polysaccharides from Dendrobium officinale. Molecules. 2016; 21(6):701.Chicago/Turabian Style
Huang, Kaiwei; Li, Yunrong; Tao, Shengchang; Wei, Gang; Huang, Yuechun; Chen, Dongfeng; Wu, Chengfeng. 2016. "Purification, Characterization and Biological Activity of Polysaccharides from Dendrobium officinale." Molecules 21, no. 6: 701.
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