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Molecules 2015, 20(9), 15807-15826; doi:10.3390/molecules200915807

New Organocatalytic Asymmetric Synthesis of Highly Substituted Chiral 2-Oxospiro-[indole-3,4′- (1′,4′-dihydropyridine)] Derivatives

Laboratorio de Organocatálisis Asimétrica, Departamento de Química Orgánica, Instituto de Síntesis Química y Catálisis Homogénea (ISQCH), CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, C/Pedro Cerbuna 12, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 17 July 2015 / Revised: 13 August 2015 / Accepted: 21 August 2015 / Published: 31 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Recent Advances in Organocatalysis)
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Abstract

Herein, we report our preliminary results concerning the first promising asymmetric synthesis of highly functionalized 2-oxospiro-[indole-3,4′-(1′,4′-dihydropyridine)] via the reaction of an enamine with isatylidene malononitrile derivatives in the presence of a chiral base organocatalyst. The moderate, but promising, enantioselectivity observed (30%–58% ee (enantiomeric excess)) opens the door to a new area of research for the asymmetric construction of these appealing spirooxindole skeletons, whose enantioselective syntheses are still very limited. View Full-Text
Keywords: chiral base; enamine; isatylidene malononitrile; 1,4-dihydropyridine; enantioselective; isatin; organocatalysis; spirooxindole; 2-oxospiro-[indole-3,4′- (1′,4′-dihydropyridine)] chiral base; enamine; isatylidene malononitrile; 1,4-dihydropyridine; enantioselective; isatin; organocatalysis; spirooxindole; 2-oxospiro-[indole-3,4′- (1′,4′-dihydropyridine)]
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Auria-Luna, F.; Marqués-López, E.; Mohammadi, S.; Heiran, R.; Herrera, R.P. New Organocatalytic Asymmetric Synthesis of Highly Substituted Chiral 2-Oxospiro-[indole-3,4′- (1′,4′-dihydropyridine)] Derivatives. Molecules 2015, 20, 15807-15826.

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