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Molecules 2015, 20(5), 8409-8428; doi:10.3390/molecules20058409

Effects of Two Different Rhodiola rosea Extracts on Primary Human Visceral Adipocytes

Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, University of Udine, via delle Scienze, 206, 33100 Udine, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maurizio Battino
Received: 17 March 2015 / Revised: 5 May 2015 / Accepted: 6 May 2015 / Published: 11 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract

Rhodiola rosea (Rro) has been reported to have various pharmacological properties, including anti-fatigue, anti-stress and anti-inflammatory activity. It is also known to improve glucose and lipid metabolism, but the effects of Rhodiola rosea on adipocyte differentiation and metabolism are not still elucidated. In this study the anti-adipogenic and lipolytic activity of two extracts of Rhodiola rosea, containing 3% salidroside (RS) or 1% salidroside and 3% rosavines (RR) on primary human visceral adipocytes was investigated. Pre-adipocytes were analyzed after 10 and 20 days of treatment during differentiation and after 7 days of treatment when they reached mature shape. The RS extract significantly induced higher apoptosis and lipolysis in comparison to control cells and to RR extract. In contrast, RR extract significantly reduced triglyceride incorporation during maturation. Differentiation of pre-adipocytes in the presence of RS and RR extracts showed a significant decrease in expression of genes involved in adipocyte function such as SLC2A4 and the adipogenic factor FGF2 and significant increase in expression of genes involved in inhibition of adipogenesis, such as GATA3, WNT3A, WNT10B. Furthermore RR extract, in contrast to RS, significantly down-regulates PPARG, the master regulator of adipogenesis and FABP4. These data support the lipolytic and anti-adipogenetic activity of two different commercial extracts of Rhodiola rosea in primary human visceral pre-adipocytes during differentiation. View Full-Text
Keywords: human visceral adipocytes; differentiation; gene expression; Rhodiola rosea human visceral adipocytes; differentiation; gene expression; Rhodiola rosea
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pomari, E.; Stefanon, B.; Colitti, M. Effects of Two Different Rhodiola rosea Extracts on Primary Human Visceral Adipocytes. Molecules 2015, 20, 8409-8428.

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