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Molecules 2015, 20(5), 7750-7771; doi:10.3390/molecules20057750

Anti-Trypanosomal Activity of Nigerian Plants and Their Constituents

1
Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, University of Nigeria, Nsukka 410001, Nigeria
2
Department of Chemistry, Chemical and Bioactivity Information Centre, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63, Buea 00237, Cameroon
3
Department of Pharmaceutics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka 410001, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas J. Schmidt
Received: 16 December 2014 / Revised: 17 April 2015 / Accepted: 22 April 2015 / Published: 28 April 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [790 KB, uploaded 28 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

African trypanosomiasis is a vector-borne parasitic disease causing serious risks to the lives of about 60 million people and 48 million cattle globally. Nigerian medicinal plants are known to contain a large variety of chemical structures and some of the plant extracts have been screened for antitrypanosomal activity, in the search for potential new drugs against the illness. We surveyed the literatures on plants and plant-derived products with antitrypanosomal activity from Nigerian flora published from 1990 to 2014. About 90 plants were identified, with 54 compounds as potential active agents and presented by plant families in alphabetical order. This review indicates that the Nigerian flora may be suitable as a starting point in searching for new and more efficient trypanocidal molecules. View Full-Text
Keywords: Nigeria; trypanosomiasis; medicinal plants; plant products Nigeria; trypanosomiasis; medicinal plants; plant products
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nwodo, N.J.; Ibezim, A.; Ntie-Kang, F.; Adikwu, M.U.; Mbah, C.J. Anti-Trypanosomal Activity of Nigerian Plants and Their Constituents. Molecules 2015, 20, 7750-7771.

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