Fatty Acid Profile and Biological Activities of Linseed and Rapeseed Oils
AbstractIt has been postulated that fatty acids found in edible oils may exert beneficial health effects by the modulation of signaling pathways regulating cell differentiation and proliferation, especially in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, the biological effects of selected edible oils—linseed (LO) and rapeseed (RO) oils—were tested in vitro on fibroblast cells. The fatty acid profile of the oils was determined using gas chromatography and FTIR spectroscopy. LO was found to be rich in α-linolenic acid (ALA), whereas oleic acid was the most abundant species in RO. Fatty acids were taken up by the cells and promoted cell proliferation. No oxidative stress-mediated cytotoxic or genotoxic effects were observed after oil stimulation. Oils ameliorated the process of wound healing as judged by improved migration of fibroblasts to the wounding area. As ALA-rich LO exhibited the most potent wound healing activity, ALA may be considered a candidate for promoting the observed effect. View Full-Text
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Lewinska, A.; Zebrowski, J.; Duda, M.; Gorka, A.; Wnuk, M. Fatty Acid Profile and Biological Activities of Linseed and Rapeseed Oils. Molecules 2015, 20, 22872-22880.
Lewinska A, Zebrowski J, Duda M, Gorka A, Wnuk M. Fatty Acid Profile and Biological Activities of Linseed and Rapeseed Oils. Molecules. 2015; 20(12):22872-22880.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lewinska, Anna; Zebrowski, Jacek; Duda, Magdalena; Gorka, Anna; Wnuk, Maciej. 2015. "Fatty Acid Profile and Biological Activities of Linseed and Rapeseed Oils." Molecules 20, no. 12: 22872-22880.