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Molecules 2015, 20(12), 22872-22880; doi:10.3390/molecules201219887

Fatty Acid Profile and Biological Activities of Linseed and Rapeseed Oils

1
Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, University of Rzeszow, Zelwerowicza 4, 35-601 Rzeszow, Poland
2
Department of Plant Physiology, University of Rzeszow, Werynia 502, 36-100 Kolbuszowa, Poland
3
Department of Botany, University of Rzeszow, Werynia 502, 36-100 Kolbuszowa, Poland
4
Department of Animal Physiology and Reproduction, University of Rzeszow, Werynia 502, 36-100 Kolbuszowa, Poland
5
Department of Genetics, University of Rzeszow, Rejtana 16C, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Isabel C. F. R. Ferreira
Received: 2 November 2015 / Revised: 13 December 2015 / Accepted: 16 December 2015 / Published: 21 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Bioactive Compounds)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [907 KB, uploaded 21 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

It has been postulated that fatty acids found in edible oils may exert beneficial health effects by the modulation of signaling pathways regulating cell differentiation and proliferation, especially in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, the biological effects of selected edible oils—linseed (LO) and rapeseed (RO) oils—were tested in vitro on fibroblast cells. The fatty acid profile of the oils was determined using gas chromatography and FTIR spectroscopy. LO was found to be rich in α-linolenic acid (ALA), whereas oleic acid was the most abundant species in RO. Fatty acids were taken up by the cells and promoted cell proliferation. No oxidative stress-mediated cytotoxic or genotoxic effects were observed after oil stimulation. Oils ameliorated the process of wound healing as judged by improved migration of fibroblasts to the wounding area. As ALA-rich LO exhibited the most potent wound healing activity, ALA may be considered a candidate for promoting the observed effect. View Full-Text
Keywords: linseed oil; rapeseed oil; FTIR spectroscopy; gas chromatography; scratch wound healing assay; fibroblasts linseed oil; rapeseed oil; FTIR spectroscopy; gas chromatography; scratch wound healing assay; fibroblasts
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lewinska, A.; Zebrowski, J.; Duda, M.; Gorka, A.; Wnuk, M. Fatty Acid Profile and Biological Activities of Linseed and Rapeseed Oils. Molecules 2015, 20, 22872-22880.

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