Molecules 2013, 18(8), 9117-9131; doi:10.3390/molecules18089117
Article

In Vitro Anticariogenic Effects of Drymocallis rupestris Extracts and Their Quality Evaluation by HPLC-DAD-MS3 Analysis

1 Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Białystok, ul. Mickiewicza 2a, 15-230 Białystok, Poland 2 Department of Industrial Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, ul. Akademicka 19, 20-033 Lublin, Poland 3 Department of Pharmacognosy and Molecular Basis of Phytotherapy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Warsaw, ul. Banacha 1, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 June 2013; in revised form: 13 July 2013 / Accepted: 29 July 2013 / Published: 30 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract: In this study, for the first time, we investigated in vitro inhibitory effects of Drymocallis rupestris extracts and their subfractions obtained with solvents of different polarity (aqueous, 50% ethanolic, diethyl ether, ethyl acetate and n-butanolic) against bacterial viability and caries virulence factors of Streptococcus spp. strains. The diethyl ether subfraction (PRU2) showed bacteriostatic and bactericidal activity against mutans streptococci, with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) in the range of 0.75–1.5 mg/mL and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) in the range of 1.5–3 mg/mL. Furthermore, PRU2 inhibited biofilm formation by Streptococci in a dose-dependent manner. It was also found that all five D. rupestris preparations exhibited diverse inhibitory effects on de novo synthesis of water-insoluble and water-soluble α-d-glucans by glucosyltransferases of the mutans group streptococci. The phytochemical profile of investigated samples was determined by spectrophotometric and chromatographic (HPLC-DAD-MS3) methods. The high polyphenol (total phenol, phenolic acids, tannins, proantocyanidins, and flavonoids) contents were found which correlated with anticariogenic activity of the analyzed samples. The results demonstrate that D. rupestris extracts and their subfractions could become useful supplements for pharmaceutical products as a new anticariogenic agent in a wide range of oral care products. Further studies are necessary to clarify which phytoconstituents of D. rupestris are responsible for anticaries properties.
Keywords: Drymocallis rupestris (Rosaceae); extracts; polyphenolic compounds; anticariogenic activity

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tomczyk, M.; Pleszczyńska, M.; Wiater, A.; Granica, S. In Vitro Anticariogenic Effects of Drymocallis rupestris Extracts and Their Quality Evaluation by HPLC-DAD-MS3 Analysis. Molecules 2013, 18, 9117-9131.

AMA Style

Tomczyk M, Pleszczyńska M, Wiater A, Granica S. In Vitro Anticariogenic Effects of Drymocallis rupestris Extracts and Their Quality Evaluation by HPLC-DAD-MS3 Analysis. Molecules. 2013; 18(8):9117-9131.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tomczyk, Michał; Pleszczyńska, Małgorzata; Wiater, Adrian; Granica, Sebastian. 2013. "In Vitro Anticariogenic Effects of Drymocallis rupestris Extracts and Their Quality Evaluation by HPLC-DAD-MS3 Analysis." Molecules 18, no. 8: 9117-9131.

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