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Protective Effects of the Key Compounds Isolated from Corni fructus against β-Amyloid-Induced Neurotoxicity in PC12 Cells
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Dong-A University, Busan 604-714, Korea
Department of Food & Life Sciences, Inje University, Gimhae, Gyeongnam 621-749, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2012; in revised form: 1 September 2012 / Accepted: 5 September 2012 / Published: 10 September 2012
Abstract: β-Amyloid (Aβ) peptide is the major component of senile plaques and is considered to have a causal role in the development and progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). There is compelling evidence supporting the notion that Aβ-induced cytotoxicity is mediated though the generation of ROS. In the present study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of ursolic acid (UA), p-coumaric acid (p-CA), and gallic acid (GA) isolated from Corni fructus (CF) against Aβ(25–35)-induced toxicity in PC12 cell. Exposure of PC12 cells to 50 μM Aβ(25–35) increased cellular oxidative stress, the number of apoptotic cells and caspase-3 activity and finally caused significant cell death. However, UA, p-CA, and GA not only suppressed the generation of ROS but also attenuated DNA fragmentation and eventually attenuated Aβ-induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. In protecting cells against Aβ neurotoxicity, UA and GA possessed stronger ability against ROS generation than p-CA, while p-CA showed the strongest anti-apoptotic activity. Particularly, p-CA protected cells at the concentration range from 0.5 up to 125 μM without any adverse effect. Taken together, these effects of UA, p-CA, and GA may be partly associated with the neuroprotective effect of CF. Furthermore, our findings might raise a possibility of therapeutic applications of CF for preventing and/or treating neurodegenerative diseases.
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease (AD); amyloid β peptide (Aβ); Corni fructus; apoptosis; anti-oxidant; neuroprotection
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MDPI and ACS Style
Hong, S.-Y.; Jeong, W.-S.; Jun, M. Protective Effects of the Key Compounds Isolated from Corni fructus against β-Amyloid-Induced Neurotoxicity in PC12 Cells. Molecules 2012, 17, 10831-10845.
Hong S-Y, Jeong W-S, Jun M. Protective Effects of the Key Compounds Isolated from Corni fructus against β-Amyloid-Induced Neurotoxicity in PC12 Cells. Molecules. 2012; 17(9):10831-10845.
Hong, Seung-Young; Jeong, Woo-Sik; Jun, Mira. 2012. "Protective Effects of the Key Compounds Isolated from Corni fructus against β-Amyloid-Induced Neurotoxicity in PC12 Cells." Molecules 17, no. 9: 10831-10845.