Molecules 2012, 17(12), 14673-14684; doi:10.3390/molecules171214673
Article

Wu-Chia-Pi Solution Attenuates Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Hepatic Injury through the Antioxidative Abilities of Its Components Acteoside and Quercetin

1 Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Chi Mei Medical Center, No.21, Taikang, Liuying Dist., Tainan 73657, Taiwan 2 Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Research, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 11031, Taiwan 3 School of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 11031, Taiwan 4 Section of Biologics & Advanced Therapeutic Product Analysis, Division of Research and Analysis, Food and Drug Administration, No.161-2, Kunyang St, Nangang District, Taipei 11561, Taiwan 5 Orthopedics Research Center, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 October 2012; in revised form: 6 December 2012 / Accepted: 7 December 2012 / Published: 11 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract: Wu-Chia-Pi medicated wine, composed nine Chinese medicines soaked in 35% alcohol, is widely used in Asia for its health-promoting functions. However, long-term consumption of alcohol could result in liver dysfunction. In this study, Wu-Chia-Pi solution (WCPS) and extract (WCPE) were prepared by modification of the principals given by the Committee on Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to explore the protective effect of WCPS against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver injury and to clarify its active component(s). Antioxidative effects of the test samples were evaluated via MDA inhibition, catalase activity and DPPH-scavenging assays. HPLC was used to analysis the active components. Results showed that WCPS (1 and 5 mL/kg) significantly prevented CCl4-induced liver injury without chronic liver toxicity. Referring to the antioxidative activities, WCPE displayed significant MDA inhibitory and DPPH-scavenging activities with IC50 values of 0.91 ± 0.03 and 0.60 ± 0.04 mg/mL, respectively. Catalase activity was also enhanced by treatment of WCPE, acteoside and quercetin. Therefore, we suggest that acteoside and quercetin are the major contributors to the antioxidative and hepatoprotective activities of WCPS, and a possible mechanism could be mediated through reduction of oxidative stress.
Keywords: Wu-Chia-Pi solution; antioxidative activities; hepatoprotection; carbon tetrachloride; acteoside; quercetin

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huan, S.K.-H.; Wang, K.-T.; Lee, C.-J.; Sung, C.-H.; Chien, T.-Y.; Wang, C.-C. Wu-Chia-Pi Solution Attenuates Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Hepatic Injury through the Antioxidative Abilities of Its Components Acteoside and Quercetin. Molecules 2012, 17, 14673-14684.

AMA Style

Huan SK-H, Wang K-T, Lee C-J, Sung C-H, Chien T-Y, Wang C-C. Wu-Chia-Pi Solution Attenuates Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Hepatic Injury through the Antioxidative Abilities of Its Components Acteoside and Quercetin. Molecules. 2012; 17(12):14673-14684.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huan, Steven K.-H.; Wang, Kun-Teng; Lee, Chia-Jung; Sung, Chun-hsien; Chien, Ting-Yi; Wang, Ching-Chiung. 2012. "Wu-Chia-Pi Solution Attenuates Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Hepatic Injury through the Antioxidative Abilities of Its Components Acteoside and Quercetin." Molecules 17, no. 12: 14673-14684.

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