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Molecules 2012, 17(11), 12804-12811; doi:10.3390/molecules171112804
Communication

Bis-sulfonic Acid Ionic Liquids for the Conversion of Fructose to 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furfural

1
, 1
 and 1,2,*
Received: 10 September 2012; in revised form: 26 October 2012 / Accepted: 29 October 2012 / Published: 31 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Organic Synthesis)
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Abstract: Homogenous bis-sulfonic acid ionic liquids (1 mol equiv.) in DMSO (10 mol equiv.) at 100 °C efficiently mediated the conversion of D-fructose into 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural in 75% isolated yield, which was roughly a 10% increment compared to the case of the mono-sulfonic acid ionic liquids.
Keywords: biomass conversion; D-fructose; 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural; acid ionic liquid; sulfonic acid biomass conversion; D-fructose; 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural; acid ionic liquid; sulfonic acid
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sim, S.E.; Kwon, S.; Koo, S. Bis-sulfonic Acid Ionic Liquids for the Conversion of Fructose to 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furfural. Molecules 2012, 17, 12804-12811.

AMA Style

Sim SE, Kwon S, Koo S. Bis-sulfonic Acid Ionic Liquids for the Conversion of Fructose to 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furfural. Molecules. 2012; 17(11):12804-12811.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sim, Sang E.; Kwon, Sunjeong; Koo, Sangho. 2012. "Bis-sulfonic Acid Ionic Liquids for the Conversion of Fructose to 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furfural." Molecules 17, no. 11: 12804-12811.



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