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Molecules 2011, 16(9), 7725-7735; doi:10.3390/molecules16097725

Chemical Composition and Possible in Vitro Phytotoxic Activity of Helichrsyum italicum (Roth) Don ssp. italicum

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche e Biomediche, Università degli Studi di Salerno, via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (Salerno), Italy
2
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università degli Studi di Salerno, via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (Salerno), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 July 2011 / Revised: 30 August 2011 / Accepted: 6 September 2011 / Published: 8 September 2011
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Abstract

The chemical composition of the essential oil of Helichrysum italicum (Roth) Don ssp. italicum, collected in the National Park of Cilento and Diano Valley, Southern Italy, was studied by means of GC and GC/MS. Forty four compounds of 45 constituents were identified in the oil, mainly oxygenated sesquiterpenes. The essential oil was evaluated for its potential in vitro phytotoxic activity against germination and early radicle elongation of radish and garden cress. The radicle elongation of radish was significantly inhibited at the highest doses tested, while germination of both seeds was not affected.
Keywords: Helichrysum italicum (Roth) Don ssp. italicum; essential oil; phytotoxicity Helichrysum italicum (Roth) Don ssp. italicum; essential oil; phytotoxicity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mancini, E.; De Martino, L.; Marandino, A.; Scognamiglio, M.R.; De Feo, V. Chemical Composition and Possible in Vitro Phytotoxic Activity of Helichrsyum italicum (Roth) Don ssp. italicum. Molecules 2011, 16, 7725-7735.

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