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Molecules 2011, 16(5), 4231-4240; doi:10.3390/molecules16054231

The Effect of Ultrasound on the Functional Properties of Wheat Gluten

1, 1,2, 1 and 1,*
1 School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, China 2 Département de TIAA, Institut Supérieur d’Agriculture, Université du Burundi, BP. 35 Gitega, Burundi
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 March 2011 / Revised: 13 May 2011 / Accepted: 18 May 2011 / Published: 23 May 2011
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In this study, the effect of ultrasound on the foaming and emulsifying properties of wheat gluten as well as its electrophoretic and rheology properties were investigated. The foam capacity and foam stability of ultrasound treated wheat gluten proteins gradually increased as the treatment power increased, and were more pronounced at 100% power level. Excluding those of the raw wheat gluten, the lowest emulsifying capacity values and emulsifying stability were obtained with the samples ultrasound treated at 60% power level. In general, ultrasound treatment did not cause major changes on the protein electrophoretic patterns of gluten samples at the power levels used. Ultrasound affected the storage and the loss moduli with typical U-shape alteration.
Keywords: wheat gluten; ultrasound; rheology; emulsion properties; foam properties wheat gluten; ultrasound; rheology; emulsion properties; foam properties
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Zhang, H.; Claver, I.P.; Zhu, K.-X.; Zhou, H. The Effect of Ultrasound on the Functional Properties of Wheat Gluten. Molecules 2011, 16, 4231-4240.

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