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LC/MS Guided Isolation of Alkaloids from Lotus Leaves by pH-Zone-Refining Counter-Current Chromatography
Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Zhejiang Hisoar Pharmaceutical Co., LTD., No.100, Waisha Branch Rd., Jiaojiang District, Taizhou 318000, China
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 February 2011; in revised form: 10 March 2011 / Accepted: 14 March 2011 / Published: 18 March 2011
Abstract: The traditional methods used in natural product separation primarily target the major components and the minor components may thus be lost during the separation procedure. Consequently, it’s necessary to develop efficient methods for the preparative separation and purification of relatively minor bioactive components. In this paper, a LC/MS method was applied to guide the separation of crude extract of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) leaves whereby a minor component was identified in the LC/MS analysis. Afterwards, an optimized pH-zone-refining CCC method was performed to isolate this product, identified as N-demethylarmepavine. The separation procedure was carried out with a biphasic solvent system composed of hexane-ethyl acetate-methyl alcohol-water (1:6:1:6, v/v) with triethylamine (10 mM) added to the upper organic phase as a retainer and hydrochloric acid (5 mM) to the aqueous mobile phase eluent. Two structurally similar compounds – nuciferine and roemerine – were also obtained from the crude lotus leaves extract. In total 500 mg of crude extract furnished 7.4 mg of N-demethylarmepavine, 45.3 mg of nuciferine and 26.6 mg of roemerine with purities of 90%, 92% and 96%, respectively. Their structures were further identified by HPLC/ESI-MSn, FTICR/MS and the comparison with reference compounds.
Keywords: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.; alkaloids; minor component separation; pH-zone-refining counter-current chromatography
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MDPI and ACS Style
Xu, X.; Sun, C.-R.; Dai, X.-J.; Hu, R.-L.; Pan, Y.-J.; Yang, Z.-F. LC/MS Guided Isolation of Alkaloids from Lotus Leaves by pH-Zone-Refining Counter-Current Chromatography. Molecules 2011, 16, 2551-2560.
Xu X, Sun C-R, Dai X-J, Hu R-L, Pan Y-J, Yang Z-F. LC/MS Guided Isolation of Alkaloids from Lotus Leaves by pH-Zone-Refining Counter-Current Chromatography. Molecules. 2011; 16(3):2551-2560.
Xu, Xia; Sun, Cui-Rong; Dai, Xiao-Jing; Hu, Rui-Lin; Pan, Yuan-Jiang; Yang, Zhang-Fa. 2011. "LC/MS Guided Isolation of Alkaloids from Lotus Leaves by pH-Zone-Refining Counter-Current Chromatography." Molecules 16, no. 3: 2551-2560.