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Molecules 2011, 16(10), 8353-8367; doi:10.3390/molecules16108353
Article

Synthesis, Photophysical and Electrochemical Properties of a Mixed Bipyridyl-Phenanthrolyl Ligand Ru(II) Heteroleptic Complex Having trans-2-Methyl-2-butenoic Acid Functionalities

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, University of Fort Hare, P.M.B. X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa
Received: 15 August 2011 / Revised: 24 September 2011 / Accepted: 28 September 2011 / Published: 30 September 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Organic Synthesis)
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Abstract

In this work, two ligands: 4-(trans-2-Methyl-2-butenoic acid)-2,2'-bipyridine) (L1) and 5-(trans-2-methyl-2-butenoic acid)-1,10-phenanthroline (L2), with the corresponding mixed-ligand heteroleptic Ru(II) complex were synthesized and characterized by FT-IR, 1H-, 13C-NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The influence of the mixed functionalized polypyridyl ruthenium(II) complex on the photophysical and electrochemical properties were investigated and compared to individual single-ligand homoleptic complexes. Interestingly, the mixed-ligand complex formulated as [RuL1L2(NCS)2] exhibits broad and intense metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) absorption with a high molar extinction coefficient (λmax = 514 nm, ε = 69,700 M−1 cm−1), better than those of individual single-ligand complexes, [Ru(L1)2(NCS)2] and [Ru(L2)2(NCS)2], and a strong photoluminescence intensity ratio in the red region at λem = 686 nm. The electrochemical properties of the complex indicated that the redox processes are ligand-based.
Keywords: mixed-ligand Ru(II) complex; extended-π-bond conjugation; spectroscopy; molar extinction coefficient; electrochemistry mixed-ligand Ru(II) complex; extended-π-bond conjugation; spectroscopy; molar extinction coefficient; electrochemistry
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Adeloye, A.O. Synthesis, Photophysical and Electrochemical Properties of a Mixed Bipyridyl-Phenanthrolyl Ligand Ru(II) Heteroleptic Complex Having trans-2-Methyl-2-butenoic Acid Functionalities. Molecules 2011, 16, 8353-8367.

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