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Molecules 2010, 15(2), 735-746; doi:10.3390/molecules15020735

Chemical Composition and Antigerminative Activity of the Essential Oils from Five Salvia Species

Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano, Salerno, Italy
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Received: 9 January 2010 / Revised: 27 January 2010 / Accepted: 29 January 2010 / Published: 1 February 2010
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Abstract

The chemical composition of the essential oils of Salvia africana L., Salvia elegans Vahl, Salvia greggii A. Gray, Salvia mellifera Green and Salvia munzii Epling, cultivated in Eboli (Salerno, Southern Italy), was studied by means of GC and GC-MS analyses. In all, 88 compounds were identified, 54 for S. africana, accounting for 95.4% of the total oil, 55 for S. elegans (92.9%), 50 for S. greggii (96.9%), 54 for S. mellifera (90.4%) and 47 for S. munzii (97.5%), respectively. In S. africana,the amount of monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids is very similar. For other species, the monoterpenoid percentage is greater than the amount of sesquiterpenoids. The oils of S. elegans, S. greggii and S. munzii were active inhibitors of germination and radical elongation of Raphanus sativus L. and Lepidium sativum L.
Keywords: Salvia africana; Salvia elegans; Salvia greggii; Salvia mellifera; Salvia munzii; essential oil; germination; radical elongation Salvia africana; Salvia elegans; Salvia greggii; Salvia mellifera; Salvia munzii; essential oil; germination; radical elongation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

De Martino, L.; Roscigno, G.; Mancini, E.; De Falco, E.; De Feo, V. Chemical Composition and Antigerminative Activity of the Essential Oils from Five Salvia Species. Molecules 2010, 15, 735-746.

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