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Chemical Composition and Antigerminative Activity of the Essential Oils from Five Salvia Species
Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano, Salerno, Italy
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Received: 9 January 2010; in revised form: 27 January 2010 / Accepted: 29 January 2010 / Published: 1 February 2010
Abstract: The chemical composition of the essential oils of Salvia africana L., Salvia elegans Vahl, Salvia greggii A. Gray, Salvia mellifera Green and Salvia munzii Epling, cultivated in Eboli (Salerno, Southern Italy), was studied by means of GC and GC-MS analyses. In all, 88 compounds were identified, 54 for S. africana, accounting for 95.4% of the total oil, 55 for S. elegans (92.9%), 50 for S. greggii (96.9%), 54 for S. mellifera (90.4%) and 47 for S. munzii (97.5%), respectively. In S. africana,the amount of monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids is very similar. For other species, the monoterpenoid percentage is greater than the amount of sesquiterpenoids. The oils of S. elegans, S. greggii and S. munzii were active inhibitors of germination and radical elongation of Raphanus sativus L. and Lepidium sativum L.
Keywords: Salvia africana; Salvia elegans; Salvia greggii; Salvia mellifera; Salvia munzii; essential oil; germination; radical elongation
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De Martino, L.; Roscigno, G.; Mancini, E.; De Falco, E.; De Feo, V. Chemical Composition and Antigerminative Activity of the Essential Oils from Five Salvia Species. Molecules 2010, 15, 735-746.
De Martino L, Roscigno G, Mancini E, De Falco E, De Feo V. Chemical Composition and Antigerminative Activity of the Essential Oils from Five Salvia Species. Molecules. 2010; 15(2):735-746.
De Martino, Laura; Roscigno, Graziana; Mancini, Emilia; De Falco, Enrica; De Feo, Vincenzo. 2010. "Chemical Composition and Antigerminative Activity of the Essential Oils from Five Salvia Species." Molecules 15, no. 2: 735-746.