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Molecules 2009, 14(8), 2888-2908; doi:10.3390/molecules14082888

Ionic Liquids as Advanced Lubricant Fluids

Grupo de Ciencia de Materiales e Ingeniería Metalúrgica, Departamento de Ingeniería de Materiales y Fabricación, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, Campus Muralla del Mar. 30202-Cartagena, Spain
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Received: 17 July 2009 / Revised: 30 July 2009 / Accepted: 3 August 2009 / Published: 4 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ionic Liquids)
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Abstract

Ionic liquids (ILs) are finding technological applications as chemical reaction media and engineering fluids. Some emerging fields are those of lubrication, surface engineering and nanotechnology. ILs are thermally stable, non-flammable highly polar fluids with negligible volatility, these characteristics make them ideal candidates for new lubricants under severe conditions, were conventional oils and greases or solid lubricants fail. Such conditions include ultra-high vacuum and extreme temperatures. Other very promising areas which depend on the interaction between IL molecules and material surfaces are the use of ILs in the lubrication of microelectromechanic and nanoelectromechanic systems (MEMS and NEMS), the friction and wear reduction of reactive light alloys and the modification of nanophases.
Keywords: ionic liquids; surface interactions; tribochemistry; additives; nanotechnology ionic liquids; surface interactions; tribochemistry; additives; nanotechnology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bermúdez, M.-D.; Jiménez, A.-E.; Sanes, J.; Carrión, F.-J. Ionic Liquids as Advanced Lubricant Fluids. Molecules 2009, 14, 2888-2908.

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