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Ionic Liquids as Advanced Lubricant Fluids
Grupo de Ciencia de Materiales e Ingeniería Metalúrgica, Departamento de Ingeniería de Materiales y Fabricación, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, Campus Muralla del Mar. 30202-Cartagena, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 July 2009; in revised form: 30 July 2009 / Accepted: 3 August 2009 / Published: 4 August 2009
Abstract: Ionic liquids (ILs) are finding technological applications as chemical reaction media and engineering fluids. Some emerging fields are those of lubrication, surface engineering and nanotechnology. ILs are thermally stable, non-flammable highly polar fluids with negligible volatility, these characteristics make them ideal candidates for new lubricants under severe conditions, were conventional oils and greases or solid lubricants fail. Such conditions include ultra-high vacuum and extreme temperatures. Other very promising areas which depend on the interaction between IL molecules and material surfaces are the use of ILs in the lubrication of microelectromechanic and nanoelectromechanic systems (MEMS and NEMS), the friction and wear reduction of reactive light alloys and the modification of nanophases.
Keywords: ionic liquids; surface interactions; tribochemistry; additives; nanotechnology
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Bermúdez, M.-D.; Jiménez, A.-E.; Sanes, J.; Carrión, F.-J. Ionic Liquids as Advanced Lubricant Fluids. Molecules 2009, 14, 2888-2908.
Bermúdez M-D, Jiménez A-E, Sanes J, Carrión F-J. Ionic Liquids as Advanced Lubricant Fluids. Molecules. 2009; 14(8):2888-2908.
Bermúdez, María-Dolores; Jiménez, Ana-Eva; Sanes, José; Carrión, Francisco-José. 2009. "Ionic Liquids as Advanced Lubricant Fluids." Molecules 14, no. 8: 2888-2908.