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Molecules 2009, 14(5), 1938-1947; doi:10.3390/molecules14051938
Article

Efficacy of Essential Oils from Edible Plants as Insecticides Against the House Fly, Musca Domestica L.

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Received: 14 April 2009; in revised form: 15 May 2009 / Accepted: 18 May 2009 / Published: 25 May 2009
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Abstract: The compositions of 12 essential oils (EOs) obtained by hydrodistillation of edible fruits and herbs were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS). The insecticidal activity of each oil against the house fly Musca domestica was evaluated by placing flies in a glass jar with a screw cap that held a piece of EO-treated cotton yarn. The dose necessary to kill 50% of flies (LC50) in 30 min was determined at 26 ± 1°C. Twelve EOs and 17 individual terpenes were assayed against M. domestica, showing LC50 values ranging from 3.9 to 85.2 and from 3.3 to >100 mg/dm3, respectively. EO from Citrus sinensis was the most potent insecticide (LC50 = 3.9 mg/dm3), followed by EOs from C. aurantium (LC50 = 4.8 mg/dm3) and Eucalyptus cinerea (LC50 = 5.5 mg/dm3). According to GC/MS analysis, limonene (92.47%), linalool (1.43%), and b-myrcene (0.88%) were the principal components of C. sinensis EO. Limonene was also the principal constituent (94.07%) of C. aurantium, while 1,8-cineole (56.86%) was the major constituent of E. cinerea EO. 1,8-Cineole was most active against M. domestica (LC50 = 3.3 mg/dm3), while (4R)(+)-limonene, was moderately active (LC50 = 6.2 mg/dm3). Dimethyl 2,2-dichlorovinyl phosphate (DDVP) selected as a positive control, showed an LC50 of 0.5 mg/dm3. EOs from C. sinensis, C. aurantium, and E. cinerea show promise as natural insecticides against houseflies.
Keywords: Musca domestica; natural insecticide; essential oils; Citrus sinensis; Eucalyptus cinerea Musca domestica; natural insecticide; essential oils; Citrus sinensis; Eucalyptus cinerea
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Palacios, S.M.; Bertoni, A.; Rossi, Y.; Santander, R.; Urzúa, A. Efficacy of Essential Oils from Edible Plants as Insecticides Against the House Fly, Musca Domestica L.. Molecules 2009, 14, 1938-1947.

AMA Style

Palacios SM, Bertoni A, Rossi Y, Santander R, Urzúa A. Efficacy of Essential Oils from Edible Plants as Insecticides Against the House Fly, Musca Domestica L.. Molecules. 2009; 14(5):1938-1947.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Palacios, Sara M.; Bertoni, Alberto; Rossi, Yanina; Santander, Rocío; Urzúa, Alejandro. 2009. "Efficacy of Essential Oils from Edible Plants as Insecticides Against the House Fly, Musca Domestica L.." Molecules 14, no. 5: 1938-1947.


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