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Molecules 2009, 14(12), 5144-5164; doi:10.3390/molecules14125144
Review

The Chemical Composition and Biological Properties of Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) Water

, ,  and *
Natural Sciences and Science Education Academic Group, Nanyang Technological University, 1 Nanyang Walk, 637616, Singapore
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 November 2009 / Revised: 3 December 2009 / Accepted: 8 December 2009 / Published: 9 December 2009
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Abstract

Coconut water (coconut liquid endosperm), with its many applications, is one of the world’s most versatile natural product. This refreshing beverage is consumed worldwide as it is nutritious and beneficial for health. There is increasing scientific evidence that supports the role of coconut water in health and medicinal applications. Coconut water is traditionally used as a growth supplement in plant tissue culture/micropropagation. The wide applications of coconut water can be justified by its unique chemical composition of sugars, vitamins, minerals, amino acids and phytohormones. This review attempts to summarise and evaluate the chemical composition and biological properties of coconut water.
Keywords: coconut water; phytohormone; auxin; cytokinin; gibberellin; inorganic ion; vitamin coconut water; phytohormone; auxin; cytokinin; gibberellin; inorganic ion; vitamin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yong, J.W.H.; Ge, L.; Ng, Y.F.; Tan, S.N. The Chemical Composition and Biological Properties of Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) Water. Molecules 2009, 14, 5144-5164.

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