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Molecules 2009, 14(10), 4213-4230; doi:10.3390/molecules14104213
Article

Chemical Composition and in Vitro Antimicrobial and Mutagenic Activities of Seven Lamiaceae Essential Oils

1
, 1,*  and 2
Received: 6 October 2009; in revised form: 20 October 2009 / Accepted: 20 October 2009 / Published: 20 October 2009
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Abstract: Deeper knowledge of the potentiality of aromatic plants can provide results of economic importance for food and pharmacological industry. The essential oils of seven Lamiaceae species were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and assayed for their antibacterial, antifungal and mutagenic activities. Monoterpenes in the oils ranged between 82.47% (hyssop oil) and 97.48% (thyme oil), being mainly represented by oxygenated compounds. The antibacterial activity was evaluated against six pathogenic and five non-pathogenic bacterial strains. Oregano and thyme oils showed the strongest antibacterial activity against the pathogenic ones. The antifungal activity was evaluated against six fungal strains of agrifood interest: the oils tested exhibited variable degrees of activity. Two Salmonella typhimurium strains were used to assess the possible mutagenic activity. No oil showed mutagenic activity. Data obtained let us hypothesise that the use of essential oils could be a viable and safe way to decrease the utilisation of synthetic food preservatives. Further research is needed to obtain information regarding the practical effectiveness of essential oils to prevent the growth of food borne and spoiling microbes under specific application conditions.
Keywords: Lamiaceae; essential oils; antimicrobial activity; mutagenic activity Lamiaceae; essential oils; antimicrobial activity; mutagenic activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

De Martino, L.; De Feo, V.; Nazzaro, F. Chemical Composition and in Vitro Antimicrobial and Mutagenic Activities of Seven Lamiaceae Essential Oils. Molecules 2009, 14, 4213-4230.

AMA Style

De Martino L, De Feo V, Nazzaro F. Chemical Composition and in Vitro Antimicrobial and Mutagenic Activities of Seven Lamiaceae Essential Oils. Molecules. 2009; 14(10):4213-4230.

Chicago/Turabian Style

De Martino, Laura; De Feo, Vincenzo; Nazzaro, Filomena. 2009. "Chemical Composition and in Vitro Antimicrobial and Mutagenic Activities of Seven Lamiaceae Essential Oils." Molecules 14, no. 10: 4213-4230.



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