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Molecules 2008, 13(4), 871-881; doi:10.3390/molecules13040871
Article

Development of an Enzyme-linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay (ELISA) Method for Carbofuran Residues

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Received: 27 March 2008; in revised form: 14 April 2008 / Accepted: 14 April 2008 / Published: 17 April 2008
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Abstract: The haptens 4-[[(2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyloxy)carbonyl]-amino]butanoic acid (BFNB) and 6-[((2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyloxy)-carbonylamino]hexanoic acid (BFNH) were synthesized and then used to develop a rapid,specific and sensitive ELISA method to determine residues of the pesticide carbofuran in avariety of matrices. A hybridoma cell line (5D3) producing anti-carbofuran monoclonalantibodies (MAbs) was also established. Based on the MAbs in combination with theheterologous hapten BFNH coupled to either horseradish peroxidase (HRP) or ovalbumin(OVA), four ELISAs (formats I-IV) for the quantification of carbofuran were developedand compared. Among them, the optimized format II (the conjugate-coated directcompetitive ELISA) showed the best characteristics, with an IC50 value of 18.49 ng/mL, alimit of detection of 0.11 ng/mL and the shortest assay time (1 h). This ELISA method wasthen applied to the determinations of carbofuran in environmental water, soil and foodsamples. The relative standard deviations (R.S.D.s) ranged from 1.8% to 21.3% and themean recoveries were 104.6%, 108.3%, 106.3% and 100.1% for water, soil, lettuce andcabbage, respectively. Thus, the ELISA method of format II exhibited the potential todevelop commercial ELISA kits for a rapid detection of carbofuran for human health andenvironmental safety.
Keywords: Carbofuran; monoclonal antibodies (MAbs); enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA) Carbofuran; monoclonal antibodies (MAbs); enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, J.; Wang, H.; Jiang, Y.; Sun, Y.; Pan, K.; Lei, H.; Wu, Q.; Shen, Y.; Xiao, Z.; Xu, Z. Development of an Enzyme-linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay (ELISA) Method for Carbofuran Residues. Molecules 2008, 13, 871-881.

AMA Style

Yang J, Wang H, Jiang Y, Sun Y, Pan K, Lei H, Wu Q, Shen Y, Xiao Z, Xu Z. Development of an Enzyme-linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay (ELISA) Method for Carbofuran Residues. Molecules. 2008; 13(4):871-881.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Jinyi; Wang, Hong; Jiang, Yueming; Sun, Yuanming; Pan, Ke; Lei, Hongtao; Wu, Qing; Shen, Yudong; Xiao, Zhili; Xu, Zhenlin. 2008. "Development of an Enzyme-linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay (ELISA) Method for Carbofuran Residues." Molecules 13, no. 4: 871-881.



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