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Antibacterial Effect of Five Zingiberaceae Essential Oils
AbstractEssential oil obtained by hydrodistillation and two different solvent extractions (petroleum ether and ethanol) from five Zingiberaceae species: ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe.), galanga (Alpinia galanga Sw.), turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), kaempferia (Boesenbergia pandurata Holtt.) and bastard cardamom (Amomum xanthioides Wall.) was characterized. Volatile components of all extracts were analyzed by gas chromatographymass spectrometry (GC-MS). The major components of ginger, turmeric, galangal, bastard cardamom and kaempferia were zingiberene, turmerone, methyl chavicol, and γ-terpinene, respectively. Their antibacterial effects towards Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus and Listeria monocytogenes were tested by a disc diffusion assay. Essential oil of kaempferia and bastard cardamom obtained by hydrodistillation extraction could inhibit growth of all tested bacteria. Essential oil of ginger extracted by hydrodistillation had the highest efficiency against three positive strains of bacteria (S. aureus, B. cereus and L. monocytogenes), with a minimum concentration to inhibit B. cereus and L. monocytogenes of 6.25 mg/mL.
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Norajit, K.; Laohakunjit, N.; Kerdchoechuen, O. Antibacterial Effect of Five Zingiberaceae Essential Oils. Molecules 2007, 12, 2047-2060.View more citation formats
Norajit K, Laohakunjit N, Kerdchoechuen O. Antibacterial Effect of Five Zingiberaceae Essential Oils. Molecules. 2007; 12(8):2047-2060.Chicago/Turabian Style
Norajit, Krittika; Laohakunjit, Natta; Kerdchoechuen, Orapin. 2007. "Antibacterial Effect of Five Zingiberaceae Essential Oils." Molecules 12, no. 8: 2047-2060.