Entropy 2003, 5(2), 239-251; doi:10.3390/e5020239

Phase Space Cell in Nonextensive Classical Systems

1,* email and 2email
Received: 25 July 2002; Accepted: 31 March 2003 / Published: 30 June 2003
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: We calculate the phase space volume Ω occupied by a nonextensive system of N classical particles described by an equilibrium (or steady-state, or long-term stationary state of a nonequilibrium system) distribution function, which slightly deviates from Maxwell-Boltzmann (MB) distribution in the high energy tail. We explicitly require that the number of accessible microstates does not change respect to the extensive MB case. We also derive, within a classical scheme, an analytical expression of the elementary cell that can be seen as a macrocell, different from the third power of Planck constant. Thermodynamic quantities like entropy, chemical potential and free energy of a classical ideal gas, depending on elementary cell, are evaluated. Considering the fractional deviation from MB distribution we can deduce a physical meaning of the nonextensive parameter q of the Tsallis nonextensive thermostatistics in terms of particle correlation functions (valid at least in the case, discussed in this work, of small deviations from MB standard case).
Keywords: Classical Statistical Mechanics; Thermodynamics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Quarati, F.; Quarati, P. Phase Space Cell in Nonextensive Classical Systems. Entropy 2003, 5, 239-251.

AMA Style

Quarati F, Quarati P. Phase Space Cell in Nonextensive Classical Systems. Entropy. 2003; 5(2):239-251.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Quarati, Francesco; Quarati, Piero. 2003. "Phase Space Cell in Nonextensive Classical Systems." Entropy 5, no. 2: 239-251.

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