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Entropy 2018, 20(4), 283; https://doi.org/10.3390/e20040283

TRSWA-BP Neural Network for Dynamic Wind Power Forecasting Based on Entropy Evaluation

1
School of Mechanical, Electronic and Control Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2
Department of Physics, Tangshan Normal University, Tangshan 063000, China
3
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 March 2018 / Revised: 5 April 2018 / Accepted: 10 April 2018 / Published: 13 April 2018
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Abstract

The performance evaluation of wind power forecasting under commercially operating circumstances is critical to a wide range of decision-making situations, yet difficult because of its stochastic nature. This paper firstly introduces a novel TRSWA-BP neural network, of which learning process is based on an efficiency tabu, real-coded, small-world optimization algorithm (TRSWA). In order to deal with the strong volatility and stochastic behavior of the wind power sequence, three forecasting models of the TRSWA-BP are presented, which are combined with EMD (empirical mode decomposition), PSR (phase space reconstruction), and EMD-based PSR. The error sequences of the above methods are then proved to have non-Gaussian properties, and a novel criterion of normalized Renyi’s quadratic entropy (NRQE) is proposed, which can evaluate their dynamic predicted accuracy. Finally, illustrative predictions of the next 1, 4, 6, and 24 h time-scales are examined by historical wind power data, under different evaluations. From the results, we can observe that not only do the proposed models effectively revise the error due to the fluctuation and multi-fractal property of wind power, but also that the NRQE can reserve its feasible assessment upon the stochastic predicted error. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind power forecasting; TRSWA-BP; empirical mode decomposition (EMD); phase space reconstruction (PSR); normalized Renyi’s quadratic entropy (NRQE) wind power forecasting; TRSWA-BP; empirical mode decomposition (EMD); phase space reconstruction (PSR); normalized Renyi’s quadratic entropy (NRQE)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, S.; Zhao, X.; Li, M.; Wang, H. TRSWA-BP Neural Network for Dynamic Wind Power Forecasting Based on Entropy Evaluation. Entropy 2018, 20, 283.

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