Kinetic Energy of a Free Quantum Brownian Particle
AbstractWe consider a paradigmatic model of a quantum Brownian particle coupled to a thermostat consisting of harmonic oscillators. In the framework of a generalized Langevin equation, the memory (damping) kernel is assumed to be in the form of exponentially-decaying oscillations. We discuss a quantum counterpart of the equipartition energy theorem for a free Brownian particle in a thermal equilibrium state. We conclude that the average kinetic energy of the Brownian particle is equal to thermally-averaged kinetic energy per one degree of freedom of oscillators of the environment, additionally averaged over all possible oscillators’ frequencies distributed according to some probability density in which details of the particle-environment interaction are present via the parameters of the damping kernel. View Full-Text
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Bialas, P.; Łuczka, J. Kinetic Energy of a Free Quantum Brownian Particle. Entropy 2018, 20, 123.
Bialas P, Łuczka J. Kinetic Energy of a Free Quantum Brownian Particle. Entropy. 2018; 20(2):123.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bialas, Paweł; Łuczka, Jerzy. 2018. "Kinetic Energy of a Free Quantum Brownian Particle." Entropy 20, no. 2: 123.
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