k-Same-Net: k-Anonymity with Generative Deep Neural Networks for Face Deidentification†
AbstractImage and video data are today being shared between government entities and other relevant stakeholders on a regular basis and require careful handling of the personal information contained therein. A popular approach to ensure privacy protection in such data is the use of deidentification techniques, which aim at concealing the identity of individuals in the imagery while still preserving certain aspects of the data after deidentification. In this work, we propose a novel approach towards face deidentification, called k-Same-Net, which combines recent Generative Neural Networks (GNNs) with the well-known k-Anonymitymechanism and provides formal guarantees regarding privacy protection on a closed set of identities. Our GNN is able to generate synthetic surrogate face images for deidentification by seamlessly combining features of identities used to train the GNN model. Furthermore, it allows us to control the image-generation process with a small set of appearance-related parameters that can be used to alter specific aspects (e.g., facial expressions, age, gender) of the synthesized surrogate images. We demonstrate the feasibility of k-Same-Net in comprehensive experiments on the XM2VTS and CK+ datasets. We evaluate the efficacy of the proposed approach through reidentification experiments with recent recognition models and compare our results with competing deidentification techniques from the literature. We also present facial expression recognition experiments to demonstrate the utility-preservation capabilities of k-Same-Net. Our experimental results suggest that k-Same-Net is a viable option for facial deidentification that exhibits several desirable characteristics when compared to existing solutions in this area. View Full-Text
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Meden, B.; Emeršič, Ž.; Štruc, V.; Peer, P. k-Same-Net: k-Anonymity with Generative Deep Neural Networks for Face Deidentification. Entropy 2018, 20, 60.
Meden B, Emeršič Ž, Štruc V, Peer P. k-Same-Net: k-Anonymity with Generative Deep Neural Networks for Face Deidentification. Entropy. 2018; 20(1):60.Chicago/Turabian Style
Meden, Blaž; Emeršič, Žiga; Štruc, Vitomir; Peer, Peter. 2018. "k-Same-Net: k-Anonymity with Generative Deep Neural Networks for Face Deidentification." Entropy 20, no. 1: 60.
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