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Entropy 2017, 19(3), 90; doi:10.3390/e19030090

A LiBr-H2O Absorption Refrigerator Incorporating a Thermally Activated Solution Pumping Mechanism

Department of Mechanical Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
Academic Editors: Brian Agnew, Vincenzo Bianco and Kevin H. Knuth
Received: 30 November 2016 / Revised: 6 February 2017 / Accepted: 21 February 2017 / Published: 26 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Applied Thermodynamics II)
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Abstract

This paper provides an illustrated description of a proposed LiBr-H2O vapour absorption refrigerator which uses a thermally activated solution pumping mechanism that combines controlled variations in generator vapour pressure with changes it produces in static-head pressure difference to circulate the absorbent solution between the generator and absorber vessels. The proposed system is different and potentially more efficient than a bubble pump system previously proposed and avoids the need for an electrically powered circulation pump found in most conventional LiBr absorption refrigerators. The paper goes on to provide a sample set of calculations that show that the coefficient of performance values of the proposed cycle are similar to those found for conventional cycles. The theoretical results compare favourably with some preliminary experimental results, which are also presented for the first time in this paper. The paper ends by proposing an outline design for an innovative steam valve, which is a key component needed to control the solution pumping mechanism. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermally activated pump; absorption refrigeration cycle; cooling; refrigerator; thermodynamics thermally activated pump; absorption refrigeration cycle; cooling; refrigerator; thermodynamics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Eames, I.W. A LiBr-H2O Absorption Refrigerator Incorporating a Thermally Activated Solution Pumping Mechanism. Entropy 2017, 19, 90.

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