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Entropy 2016, 18(4), 108; doi:10.3390/e18040108

Introduction to Supersymmetric Theory of Stochastics

Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Academic Editors: Martin Eckstein and Jay Lawrence
Received: 31 October 2015 / Revised: 8 March 2016 / Accepted: 21 March 2016 / Published: 28 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quantum Nonequilibrium Dynamics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1755 KB, uploaded 28 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Many natural and engineered dynamical systems, including all living objects, exhibit signatures of what can be called spontaneous dynamical long-range order (DLRO). This order’s omnipresence has long been recognized by the scientific community, as evidenced by a myriad of related concepts, theoretical and phenomenological frameworks, and experimental phenomena such as turbulence, 1/f noise, dynamical complexity, chaos and the butterfly effect, the Richter scale for earthquakes and the scale-free statistics of other sudden processes, self-organization and pattern formation, self-organized criticality, etc. Although several successful approaches to various realizations of DLRO have been established, the universal theoretical understanding of this phenomenon remained elusive. The possibility of constructing a unified theory of DLRO has emerged recently within the approximation-free supersymmetric theory of stochastics (STS). There, DLRO is the spontaneous breakdown of the topological or de Rahm supersymmetry that all stochastic differential equations (SDEs) possess. This theory may be interesting to researchers with very different backgrounds because the ubiquitous DLRO is a truly interdisciplinary entity. The STS is also an interdisciplinary construction. This theory is based on dynamical systems theory, cohomological field theories, the theory of pseudo-Hermitian operators, and the conventional theory of SDEs. Reviewing the literature on all these mathematical disciplines can be time consuming. As such, a concise and self-contained introduction to the STS, the goal of this paper, may be useful. View Full-Text
Keywords: supersymmetry; stochastic differential equations; non-equilibrium dynamics; cohomological field theory; ergodicity; thermodynamic equilibrium; complexity; chaos; butterfly effect; turbulence; 1/f noise; self-organization; self-organized criticality supersymmetry; stochastic differential equations; non-equilibrium dynamics; cohomological field theory; ergodicity; thermodynamic equilibrium; complexity; chaos; butterfly effect; turbulence; 1/f noise; self-organization; self-organized criticality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ovchinnikov, I.V. Introduction to Supersymmetric Theory of Stochastics. Entropy 2016, 18, 108.

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