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Entropy 2016, 18(2), 44; doi:10.3390/e18020044

Feature Selection of Power Quality Disturbance Signals with an Entropy-Importance-Based Random Forest

1,†,* , 1,†
,
1,†
,
2,†
,
3
,
1
and
1
1
School of Electrical Engineering, Northeast Dianli University, Jilin 132012, China
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
3
Dongguan Power Supply Bureau, Guangdong Power Grid Corporation, Dongguan 523000, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andreas Holzinger
Received: 4 November 2015 / Revised: 3 January 2016 / Accepted: 18 January 2016 / Published: 28 January 2016
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Abstract

Power quality signal feature selection is an effective method to improve the accuracy and efficiency of power quality (PQ) disturbance classification. In this paper, an entropy-importance (EnI)-based random forest (RF) model for PQ feature selection and disturbance classification is proposed. Firstly, 35 kinds of signal features extracted from S-transform (ST) with random noise are used as the original input feature vector of RF classifier to recognize 15 kinds of PQ signals with six kinds of complex disturbance. During the RF training process, the classification ability of different features is quantified by EnI. Secondly, without considering the features with zero EnI, the optimal perturbation feature subset is obtained by applying the sequential forward search (SFS) method which considers the classification accuracy and feature dimension. Then, the reconstructed RF classifier is applied to identify disturbances. According to the simulation results, the classification accuracy is higher than that of other classifiers, and the feature selection effect of the new approach is better than SFS and sequential backward search (SBS) without EnI. With the same feature subset, the new method can maintain a classification accuracy above 99.7% under the condition of 30 dB or above, and the accuracy under 20 dB is 96.8%. View Full-Text
Keywords: power quality; power quality disturbances; random forest; S-transform; feature selection; entropy-importance; sequential forward search power quality; power quality disturbances; random forest; S-transform; feature selection; entropy-importance; sequential forward search
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, N.; Lu, G.; Cai, G.; Xu, D.; Xu, J.; Li, F.; Zhang, L. Feature Selection of Power Quality Disturbance Signals with an Entropy-Importance-Based Random Forest. Entropy 2016, 18, 44.

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