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Entropy 2016, 18(11), 386; doi:10.3390/e18110386

Geometric Theory of Heat from Souriau Lie Groups Thermodynamics and Koszul Hessian Geometry: Applications in Information Geometry for Exponential Families

Advanced Radar Concepts Business Unit, Thales Air Systems, Limours 91470, France
Academic Editor: Adom Giffin
Received: 4 August 2016 / Revised: 17 September 2016 / Accepted: 27 September 2016 / Published: 4 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Differential Geometrical Theory of Statistics)
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Abstract

We introduce the symplectic structure of information geometry based on Souriau’s Lie group thermodynamics model, with a covariant definition of Gibbs equilibrium via invariances through co-adjoint action of a group on its moment space, defining physical observables like energy, heat, and moment as pure geometrical objects. Using geometric Planck temperature of Souriau model and symplectic cocycle notion, the Fisher metric is identified as a Souriau geometric heat capacity. The Souriau model is based on affine representation of Lie group and Lie algebra that we compare with Koszul works on G/K homogeneous space and bijective correspondence between the set of G-invariant flat connections on G/K and the set of affine representations of the Lie algebra of G. In the framework of Lie group thermodynamics, an Euler-Poincaré equation is elaborated with respect to thermodynamic variables, and a new variational principal for thermodynamics is built through an invariant Poincaré-Cartan-Souriau integral. The Souriau-Fisher metric is linked to KKS (Kostant–Kirillov–Souriau) 2-form that associates a canonical homogeneous symplectic manifold to the co-adjoint orbits. We apply this model in the framework of information geometry for the action of an affine group for exponential families, and provide some illustrations of use cases for multivariate gaussian densities. Information geometry is presented in the context of the seminal work of Fréchet and his Clairaut-Legendre equation. The Souriau model of statistical physics is validated as compatible with the Balian gauge model of thermodynamics. We recall the precursor work of Casalis on affine group invariance for natural exponential families. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lie group thermodynamics; moment map; Gibbs density; Gibbs equilibrium; maximum entropy; information geometry; symplectic geometry; Cartan-Poincaré integral invariant; geometric mechanics; Euler-Poincaré equation; Fisher metric; gauge theory; affine group Lie group thermodynamics; moment map; Gibbs density; Gibbs equilibrium; maximum entropy; information geometry; symplectic geometry; Cartan-Poincaré integral invariant; geometric mechanics; Euler-Poincaré equation; Fisher metric; gauge theory; affine group
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Barbaresco, F. Geometric Theory of Heat from Souriau Lie Groups Thermodynamics and Koszul Hessian Geometry: Applications in Information Geometry for Exponential Families. Entropy 2016, 18, 386.

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