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Entropy 2015, 17(9), 6200-6212; doi:10.3390/e17096200

Thixotropic Phenomena in Water: Quantitative Indicators of Casimir-Magnetic Transformations from Vacuum Oscillations (Virtual Particles)

Biomolecular Sciences and Behavioural Neuroscience Programs, Laurentian University, Sudbury, ON P3E 2C6, Canada
Academic Editor: Kevin H. Knuth
Received: 15 July 2015 / Revised: 24 August 2015 / Accepted: 28 August 2015 / Published: 7 September 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [685 KB, uploaded 7 September 2015]

Abstract

The ~1.5 × 10−20 J which is considered a universal quantity and is associated with the movement of protons in water also relates to the ratio of the magnetic moment of a proton divided by its unit charge, multiplied by viscosity and applied over the O-H distance. There is quantitative evidence that thixotropy, the “spontaneous” increased viscosity in water when undisturbed, originates from the transformation of virtual particles or vacuum oscillations to real states through conversion of Casimir-magnetic energies that involve the frequency of the neutral hydrogen line and the upper bound threshold value for intergalactic magnetic fields. The results indicate that ½ of a single electron orbit is real (particle) and the other ½ is virtual (wave). The matter equivalent per s for virtual-to-real states for electrons in 1 mL of water with a neutral pH is consistent with the numbers of protons (H+) and the measured range of molecules in the coherent domains for both width and duration of growth and is similar to widths of intergalactic dust grains from which planets and stars may condense. The de Broglie momentum for the lower boundary of the width of coherent domains multiplied by the fine structure velocity of an electron is concurrent with the quantum when one proton is being removed from another and when the upper boundary of the rest mass of a photon is transformed by the product of velocities for putative “entanglement” and light. Theoretical and experimental results indicate that components of thixotropy, such as specific domains of intercalated water molecules, could display excess correlations over very large distances. Because the energies of the universal quantity and water converge it may be a special conduit for discrete transformations from virtual to real states. View Full-Text
Keywords: thixotrophy; entropy; Casimir energy; magnetic energy; intergalactic magnetic fields; water; vacuum oscillations; hydrogen line; electron spin-orbit moment thixotrophy; entropy; Casimir energy; magnetic energy; intergalactic magnetic fields; water; vacuum oscillations; hydrogen line; electron spin-orbit moment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Persinger, M.A. Thixotropic Phenomena in Water: Quantitative Indicators of Casimir-Magnetic Transformations from Vacuum Oscillations (Virtual Particles). Entropy 2015, 17, 6200-6212.

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