Entropy Production in Pipeline Flow of Dispersions of Water in Oil
AbstractEntropy production in pipeline adiabatic flow of water-in-oil emulsions is investigated experimentally in three different diameter pipes. The dispersed-phase (water droplets) concentration of emulsion is varied from 0 to 41% vol. The entropy production rates in emulsion flow are compared with the values expected in single-phase flow of Newtonian fluids with the same properties (viscosity and density). While in the laminar regime the entropy production rates in emulsion flow can be described adequately by the single-phase Newtonian equations, a significant deviation from single-phase flow behavior is observed in the turbulent regime. In the turbulent regime, the entropy production rates in emulsion flow are found to be substantially smaller than those expected on the basis of single-phase equations. For example, the entropy production rate in water-in-oil emulsion flow at a dispersed-phase volume fraction of 0.41 is only 38.4% of that observed in flow of a single-phase Newtonian fluid with the same viscosity and density, when comparison is made at a Reynolds number of 4000. Thus emulsion flow in pipelines is more efficient thermodynamically than single-phase Newtonian flow. View Full-Text
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Pal, R. Entropy Production in Pipeline Flow of Dispersions of Water in Oil. Entropy 2014, 16, 4648-4661.
Pal R. Entropy Production in Pipeline Flow of Dispersions of Water in Oil. Entropy. 2014; 16(8):4648-4661.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pal, Rajinder. 2014. "Entropy Production in Pipeline Flow of Dispersions of Water in Oil." Entropy 16, no. 8: 4648-4661.