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Entropy 2014, 16(8), 4309-4321; doi:10.3390/e16084309

Effect of Suction Nozzle Pressure Drop on the Performance of an Ejector-Expansion Transcritical CO2 Refrigeration Cycle

1
Institute of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Hebei United University, Tangshan 063009, China
2
Department of Foreign Languages, Tangshan College, Tangshan 063000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2014 / Revised: 23 June 2014 / Accepted: 16 July 2014 / Published: 4 August 2014
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Abstract

The basic transcritical CO2 systems exhibit low energy efficiency due to their large throttling loss. Replacing the throttle valve with an ejector is an effective measure for recovering some of the energy lost in the expansion process. In this paper, a thermodynamic model of the ejector-expansion transcritical CO2 refrigeration cycle is developed. The effect of the suction nozzle pressure drop (SNPD) on the cycle performance is discussed. The results indicate that the SNPD has little impact on entrainment ratio. There exists an optimum SNPD which gives a maximum recovered pressure and COP under a specified condition. The value of the optimum SNPD mainly depends on the efficiencies of the motive nozzle and the suction nozzle, but it is essentially independent of evaporating temperature and gas cooler outlet temperature. Through optimizing the value of SNPD, the maximum COP of the ejector-expansion cycle can be up to 45.1% higher than that of the basic cycle. The exergy loss of the ejector-expansion cycle is reduced about 43.0% compared with the basic cycle. View Full-Text
Keywords: refrigeration system; ejector; suction nozzle pressure drop; CO2; transcritical cycle refrigeration system; ejector; suction nozzle pressure drop; CO2; transcritical cycle
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Zhang, Z.; Tian, L. Effect of Suction Nozzle Pressure Drop on the Performance of an Ejector-Expansion Transcritical CO2 Refrigeration Cycle. Entropy 2014, 16, 4309-4321.

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