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Entropy 2014, 16(2), 747-769; doi:10.3390/e16020747
Article

Modelling and Simulation of Seasonal Rainfall Using the Principle of Maximum Entropy

1
, 2,*  and 2
1 Centre for Computer Assisted Research Mathematics and its Applications (CARMA), University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia 2 Scheduling and Control Group (SCG), Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (CIAM) and Barbara Hardy Institute (BHI), University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, SA 5095, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 December 2013 / Revised: 10 January 2014 / Accepted: 28 January 2014 / Published: 10 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maximum Entropy and Its Application)
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Abstract

We use the principle of maximum entropy to propose a parsimonious model for the generation of simulated rainfall during the wettest three-month season at a typical location on the east coast of Australia. The model uses a checkerboard copula of maximum entropy to model the joint probability distribution for total seasonal rainfall and a set of two-parameter gamma distributions to model each of the marginal monthly rainfall totals. The model allows us to match the grade correlation coefficients for the checkerboard copula to the observed Spearman rank correlation coefficients for the monthly rainfalls and, hence, provides a model that correctly describes the mean and variance for each of the monthly totals and also for the overall seasonal total. Thus, we avoid the need for a posteriori adjustment of simulated monthly totals in order to correctly simulate the observed seasonal statistics. Detailed results are presented for the modelling and simulation of seasonal rainfall in the town of Kempsey on the mid-north coast of New South Wales. Empirical evidence from extensive simulations is used to validate this application of the model. A similar analysis for Sydney is also described.
Keywords: maximum entropy; checkerboard copula; rainfall modelling and simulation maximum entropy; checkerboard copula; rainfall modelling and simulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Borwein, J.; Howlett, P.; Piantadosi, J. Modelling and Simulation of Seasonal Rainfall Using the Principle of Maximum Entropy. Entropy 2014, 16, 747-769.

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