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Symmetry-Based Balance Equation for Local Entropy Density in a Dissipative Multibaker Chain System
AbstractIn this study, the balance equation for local entropy density defined on each partition is obtained by the decomposition of the time-evolution operator for local entropy density, on the level of the master equation, by using symmetric and antisymmetric properties for the inversion of partition, density pairs and a given drift velocity. The resultant equation includes the following terms: convection, diffusion, entropy flow due to a thermostat and entropy production. The averaging of the four terms recover the corresponding terms in a balance equation for the macroscopic entropy density of irreversible thermodynamics for a thermostated system. Moreover, an empirical law of order estimation is introduced to explain the limiting behavior of the averaged quantities in the macroscopic limit for the bulk system. The law makes it possible to separate some minor contributions from the major four terms and, for example, to explain the positive entropy production rate in a nonequilibrium state for volume-preserving systems, even if the state is far from steady state. They are numerically confirmed on an invertible, dissipative multibaker chain system, named a circuit model. These properties are independent of partitioning.
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Ishida, H. Symmetry-Based Balance Equation for Local Entropy Density in a Dissipative Multibaker Chain System. Entropy 2013, 15, 4345-4375.View more citation formats
Ishida H. Symmetry-Based Balance Equation for Local Entropy Density in a Dissipative Multibaker Chain System. Entropy. 2013; 15(10):4345-4375.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ishida, Hideshi. 2013. "Symmetry-Based Balance Equation for Local Entropy Density in a Dissipative Multibaker Chain System." Entropy 15, no. 10: 4345-4375.