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Moving Frames of Reference, Relativity and Invariance in Transfer Entropy and Information Dynamics
CSIRO Information and Communications Technology Centre, PO Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710, Australia
School of Information Technologies, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, Inselstrasse 22, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany
Physics Department, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
School of Natural Sciences, University of California, Merced, CA 95344, USA
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 November 2012; Accepted: 31 December 2012 / Published: 10 January 2013
Abstract: We present a new interpretation of a local framework for informationdynamics, including the transfer entropy, by defining a moving frame of reference for theobserver of dynamics in lattice systems. This formulation is inspired by the idea ofinvestigating “relativistic” effects on observing the dynamics of information - in particular,we investigate a Galilean transformation of the lattice system data. In applying thisinterpretation to elementary cellular automata, we demonstrate that using a moving frameof reference certainly alters the observed spatiotemporal measurements of informationdynamics, yet still returns meaningful results in this context. We find that, as expected,an observer will report coherent spatiotemporal structures that are moving in their frame asinformation transfer, and structures that are stationary in their frame as information storage.Crucially, the extent to which the shifted frame of reference alters the results dependson whether the shift of frame retains, adds or removes relevant information regarding thesource-destination interaction.
Keywords: information theory; information transfer; information storage; transfer entropy; information dynamics; cellular automata; complex systems
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Lizier, J.T.; Mahoney, J.R. Moving Frames of Reference, Relativity and Invariance in Transfer Entropy and Information Dynamics. Entropy 2013, 15, 177-197.
Lizier JT, Mahoney JR. Moving Frames of Reference, Relativity and Invariance in Transfer Entropy and Information Dynamics. Entropy. 2013; 15(1):177-197.
Lizier, Joseph T.; Mahoney, John R. 2013. "Moving Frames of Reference, Relativity and Invariance in Transfer Entropy and Information Dynamics." Entropy 15, no. 1: 177-197.