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Heritage 2018, 1(1), 163-170; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage1010011

Non-Invasive Moisture Detection for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage

1
Archaeology and Classics Program, American University of Rome, Via Pietro Roselli 4, I-00153 Rome, Italy
2
Research Centre for Forestry and Wood, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA), Viale S. Margherita 80, I-52100 Arezzo, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 July 2018 / Revised: 4 August 2018 / Accepted: 8 August 2018 / Published: 10 August 2018
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Abstract

Moisture damage is the most critical issue regarding the preservation and integrity of cultural heritage sites. The electromagnetic (EM) sensitivity to the presence of moisture, in both soils and structural materials, is a well-known phenomenon. Thereby, studying the EM response to the presence of moisture, in order to prevent the damages done to sites of cultural heritage, is a well-established method. This paper will discuss the ability of a geophysical non-destructive technique (NDT), present in a Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) system, to investigate a very precious building in Rome that is affected by a moisture problem (the Turkish Room at Villa Medici). This geophysical instrument is able to locate and estimate the extent of water ingression, which can aid in the development of restoration plans before permanent damage occurs. The main objective of this paper is to help restorers understand the related hazards, due to the presence of moisture in the wall structures, in real-time and to rapidly and non-invasively develop strategies for the preservation of cultural heritage sites. View Full-Text
Keywords: NDT; GPR; moisture; cultural heritage; preservation; Rome NDT; GPR; moisture; cultural heritage; preservation; Rome
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Barone, P.M.; Ferrara, C. Non-Invasive Moisture Detection for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage. Heritage 2018, 1, 163-170.

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