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Soil Syst. 2018, 2(2), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/soilsystems2020019

Zinc Presence during Mineral Formation Affects the Sorptive Reactivity of Manganese Oxide

School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0340, USA
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Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 26 March 2018 / Accepted: 27 March 2018 / Published: 2 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil Processes Controlling Contaminant Dynamics)
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Abstract

The sorptive reactivity of layered manganese (Mn) oxides is controlled by their layer and interlayer structure, which can be affected by processes such as metal coprecipitation. This study investigated the effects of Zn coprecipitation on the sorptive reactivity of δ-MnO2, a common layered Mn oxide mineral. Selected cation (i.e., Cd) and anion (i.e., phosphate and arsenate) species were used to probe the changes in δ-MnO2 sorptive reactivity. Cd uptake by δ-MnO2 was suppressed by Zn coprecipitation but total metal uptake (Cd and Zn) was enhanced, indicating more available vacancy sites (e.g., smaller particle size and higher vacancy site density) in Zn-coprecipitated δ-MnO2. Phosphate and arsenate sorption on δ-MnO2 was significantly enhanced by Zn-coprecipitation, and the enhancement was more effective compared to Zn sorption on pure δ-MnO2. X-ray diffraction and X-ray adsorption spectroscopy analysis did not detect the formation of surface precipitations and/or ternary complexes. The enhanced anion sorption on Zn-coprecipitated δ-MnO2 was likely due to the compensation of negative surface charge by sorbed Zn, as well as the structural modifications introduced by Zn coprecipitation. Results from this study can provide a better understanding on the interactions between metal-coprecipitated Mn oxides and other species in natural environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: manganese oxides; zinc; coprecipitation; sorption; cadmium; arsenate; phosphate manganese oxides; zinc; coprecipitation; sorption; cadmium; arsenate; phosphate
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Zhao, S.; Li, C.; Liu, P.; Huang, R.; Saad, E.M.; Tang, Y. Zinc Presence during Mineral Formation Affects the Sorptive Reactivity of Manganese Oxide. Soil Syst. 2018, 2, 19.

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