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High-Throughput 2018, 7(2), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/ht7020016

Handling Complexity in Animal and Plant Science Research—From Single to Functional Traits: Are We There Yet?

The Agri-Chemistry Group, School of Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University (CQU), Bruce Highway, North Rockhampton 4701, Australia
Current address: School of Science, RMIT University, Melbourne 3001, VIC, Australia.
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Received: 4 March 2018 / Revised: 10 May 2018 / Accepted: 24 May 2018 / Published: 28 May 2018
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Abstract

The current knowledge of the main factors governing livestock, crop and plant quality as well as yield in different species is incomplete. For example, this can be evidenced by the persistence of benchmark crop varieties for many decades in spite of the gains achieved over the same period. In recent years, it has been demonstrated that molecular breeding based on DNA markers has led to advances in breeding (animal and crops). However, these advances are not in the way that it was anticipated initially by the researcher in the field. According to several scientists, one of the main reasons for this was related to the evidence that complex target traits such as grain yield, composition or nutritional quality depend on multiple factors in addition to genetics. Therefore, some questions need to be asked: are the current approaches in molecular genetics the most appropriate to deal with complex traits such as yield or quality? Are the current tools for phenotyping complex traits enough to differentiate among genotypes? Do we need to change the way that data is collected and analysed? View Full-Text
Keywords: complexity; omics; quality; yield; crops; livestock complexity; omics; quality; yield; crops; livestock
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Roberts, J.; Power, A.; Chandra, S.; Chapman, J.; Cozzolino, D. Handling Complexity in Animal and Plant Science Research—From Single to Functional Traits: Are We There Yet? High-Throughput 2018, 7, 16.

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