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Proceedings 2018, 2(6), 199; doi:10.3390/proceedings2060199

Predicting Ground Reaction Forces in Sprint Running Using a Shank Mounted Inertial Measurement Unit

Griffith School of Engineering and Built Environment, Griffith University, Nathan Campus, Queensland 4111, Australia
Centre for Excellence for Applied Sports Science Research, Queensland Academy of Sport, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, Australia
Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Faculty Health, Food and Sport, The Hague University of Applied Sciences, 2521 EN The Hague, The Netherlands
National Institute of Fitness and Sport in Kanoya, Kanoya 891-2311, Japan
Presented at the 12th Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 26–28 March 2018.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Published: 14 February 2018
Download PDF [908 KB, uploaded 14 February 2018]


The transition from a stationary crouch on running-blocks to an erect running position is critical to success in sprint running. Three elite sprinters repeated five sprint starts on a 50 m-long instrumented running track each wearing three inertial measurement units (IMU) on both shanks. The IMU profiles and force plate data was highly consistent between runs. The increasing maximum ground force was correlated with the IMU data using a linear fit and gyroscope triggered acceleration component. Both techniques show promise (r2 > 0.5). This is of significant interest to athletes and coaches using IMUs rather than a long, instrumented running track.
Keywords: inertial sensors; IMU; ground reaction force; force plate; shank inertial sensors; IMU; ground reaction force; force plate; shank
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Thiel, D.V.; Shepherd, J.; Espinosa, H.G.; Kenny, M.; Fischer, K.; Worsey, M.; Matsuo, A.; Wada, T. Predicting Ground Reaction Forces in Sprint Running Using a Shank Mounted Inertial Measurement Unit. Proceedings 2018, 2, 199.

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