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Proceedings 2017, 1(8), 835;

Distributed Water Pollution Source Localization with Mobile UV-Visible Spectrometer Probes in Wireless Sensor Networks

Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
China National Environmental Monitoring Centre, Beijing 100012, China
Yiwen Environmental Science Technology Co., Ltd., Guangzhou 510663, China
Presented at the 5th International Symposium on Sensor Science (I3S 2017), Barcelona, Spain, 27–29 September 2017.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Published: 6 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Sensor Science (I3S 2017))
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Pollution accidents that occur in surface water, especially in drinking water source areas, greatly threaten the urban water supply system. Focused on the challenge of localizing the water pollution source under complicated pollutant spreading conditions, this paper investigates a distributed localization method in wireless sensor networks equipped with mobile UV-visible spectrometer probes. A wireless sensor network is defined for water quality monitoring, where unmanned surface vehicles and buoys serve as mobile and stationary nodes respectively. Both types of nodes carry UV-visible spectrometer probes to acquire in-situ water quality multi-parameter measurements, in which a self-adaptive optical path mechanism is designed to flexibly adjust the measurement range. A novel distributed algorithm, Dual-PSO, is proposed to search for the water pollution source, where one particle swarm optimization (PSO) procedure computes the water quality multi-parameter measurements on each node, utilizing UV-visible absorption spectra, and the other one finds the global solution of the pollution source position, regarding mobile nodes as particles. Besides, this algorithm uses entropy to dynamically recognize the most sensitive parameter during searching. Experimental results demonstrate that online multi-parameter monitoring of a drinking water source area with a wide dynamic range is achieved by this wireless sensor network and water pollution sources are localized efficiently with low-cost mobile node paths.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ma, J.; Meng, F.; Zhou, Y.; Wang, Y.; Shi, P. Distributed Water Pollution Source Localization with Mobile UV-Visible Spectrometer Probes in Wireless Sensor Networks. Proceedings 2017, 1, 835.

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