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Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2017, 2(3), 45; doi:10.3390/tropicalmed2030045

Antibiotic Susceptibility Monitoring of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Bacolod City, Philippines

1
Medical Technology Program, Colegio San Agustin, Bacolod City 6100, Philippines
2
Pathology Department, Dr. Pablo O. Torre Memorial Hospital, Bacolod City 6100, Philippines
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 July 2017 / Revised: 23 August 2017 / Accepted: 24 August 2017 / Published: 29 August 2017
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Abstract

A local study was conducted to monitor the antibiotic susceptibility of N. gonorrhoeae in Bacolod City, Philippines. A total of 88 isolates were taken during the period of 1 January 2015 to 30 June 2017, from male patients ages 12 to 72 years. The highest incidence of gonorrhea infection was in the group aged 20–24 years (34.09%). The susceptibility pattern to antibiotics was as follows: ceftriaxone 100%, cefixime 82.6%, spectinomycin 92.1%, ciprofloxacin 4.9%, tetracycline 5.1%, and penicillin G with 0%. All isolates were noted to produce beta-lactamase, which can be attributed to plasmid-mediated penicillin resistance. These findings indicate that the resistance rates of N. gonorrhoeae to most commonly-used antibiotics are increasing, and that ceftriaxone remains an effective antibiotic in treating gonorrhea infections locally. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotic susceptibility; Neisseria gonorrhoeae; Bacolod City antibiotic susceptibility; Neisseria gonorrhoeae; Bacolod City
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Araneta, C.M.P.; Juayang, A.C.; Lim, J.P.T.; Quilop, E.M.G.; Casaysay, N.J.G.; Tamesis, G.M.L.; Yude, T.M.G.; Romero, S.J.E.; Gayoba, R.C. Antibiotic Susceptibility Monitoring of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Bacolod City, Philippines. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2017, 2, 45.

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