Cold Atoms in U(3) Gauge Potentials
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline St. N., Waterloo, ON N2L 2Y5, Canada
IFPA, AGO Department, University of Liège, Sart Tilman, 4000 Liège, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Bianconi
Received: 18 May 2016 / Revised: 6 July 2016 / Accepted: 29 July 2016 / Published: 1 August 2016
We explore the effects of artificial
gauge potentials on ultracold atoms. We study background gauge fields with both non-constant and constant Wilson loops around plaquettes, obtaining the energy spectra in each case. The scenario of metal–insulator transition for irrational fluxes is also examined. Finally, we discuss the effect of such a gauge potential on the superfluid–insulator transition for bosonic ultracold atoms.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style
Mandal, I.; Bhattacharya, A. Cold Atoms in U(3) Gauge Potentials. Condens. Matter 2016, 1, 2.
Mandal I, Bhattacharya A. Cold Atoms in U(3) Gauge Potentials. Condensed Matter. 2016; 1(1):2.
Mandal, Ipsita; Bhattacharya, Atri. 2016. "Cold Atoms in U(3) Gauge Potentials." Condens. Matter 1, no. 1: 2.
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